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From Planting to Extraction: How Cannabis Oil is Made

Using cannabis oil is the healthier and one of the more popular ways of consuming marijuana. Not only does this product allow patients to experience the relief that cannabis grants in a safe and smoke-free fashion, but it also allows them to fine tune the experience so that they can achieve the effects they desire.

What makes cannabis oil different from other cannabis products? Let’s take a look at how it’s made, from the very act of planting weed to extracting the cannabis oil from the plant itself.

  1. Choosing the strain. The production of medicinal cannabis oil starts with choosing the right strain. This is decided by factors like strain classification and cannabinoid content. Cannabis strains belong to 3 groups: indicas, sativas, and hybrids. Indicas are generally known for their relaxing effect, and sativas for their supposedly stimulating effects. Hybrids, on the other hand, can be indica- or sativa-dominant or well-balanced. Cannabinoid content refers to the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and other cannabinoids a certain strain of cannabis is known to have. These factors affect the oil’s THC to CBD ratio, terpenes, and other elements that have an effect on the experience of the user.

  2. Planting and growing the weed. Planting and growing the plant is the most time-consuming step in making cannabis oil. Like any other plant, marijuana requires good soil, water, and the right temperature in order to grow. Depending on the climate, cannabis can be raised outdoors where it can get all the sun it needs, but this can expose the plant to changing weather conditions as well as pests. Other growers choose to keep their plants indoors and use lamps and lights and fans to control the environment, but this setup can require a bit of capital. It takes about 3 to 6 months before the plants can be harvested.

  3. Extracting the oil. There are different ways of extracting cannabis oil from the plant. There are solventless extraction methods that don’t use foreign substances to extract the product, except for water. This method produces concentrates such as kief, hash, and rosin. Cannabis oil is often produced through methods that use solvents. Butane Hash Oil (BHO) uses butane as solvent, while the Rick Simpson method, which produces the product called Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) or Phoenix Tears, uses aliphatic naphtha or 99% isopropyl alcohol to draw out oil from the entire plant. Another method, called Supercritical Fluid Extraction (CO2), uses compressed carbon dioxide to strip the plant of its essential oils. The latter dissolves plant matter thoroughly, and its end product contains more terpenes compared to BHO. However, this method also requires very expensive equipment.

  4. Diluting and flavoring. Some consumer prefer to buy cannabis oil without added substances, while others prefer oils that have been infused in other cooking oils, which can be readily used in the kitchen. Pure cannabis oil is a versatile product that can be taken as is, mixed with products that are meant for topical application, or even infused with edible oils. Depending on the consumer’s preference, the oil can be mixed with cooking oils like coconut, olive, or grapeseed oil. Infused oils often have a more subtle taste and can be easily used in most dishes.

Cannabis oil is a versatile product that can be applied topically or used as an ingredient in various dishes, drinks, and desserts. Also, if this product is ingested, it gives off a stronger and longer-lasting effect compared to smoked cannabis. It does take a bit of practice to get the dosage right, but once you do get it, you’ll be able to cook dishes that will give you the recreational or medicinal effect you need.

Consume Cannabis As Part Of A Healthy Lifestyle